USAID Inma Agribusiness Program | Iraq
Iraq’s rich history dates back to ancient Mesopotamia, home to the world’s first known civilization. The region between Iraq’s two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, is often referred to as the “cradle of civilization" and the birthplace of agriculture.
In recent years, Iraq has been embroiled in a series of conflicts, including the Iran–Iraq War in 1980, the Persian Gulf War in 1990 and the Iraq War in 2003, triggering economic instability and political turmoil.
From 2004 to 2013, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) engaged Louis Berger to manage several economic recovery projects in Iraq. When the USAID Inma Agribusiness Program began in 2007, the Iraqi economy was just beginning to stabilize and show signs of recovery.
Inma, which means “growth” in Arabic, worked with a spectrum of stakeholders to increase the competitiveness of Iraqi agriculture and agribusinesses while improving the livelihood of farmers, with a focus on:
- Identifying constraints to farm profitability and increasing the sustainability of agricultural enterprises.
- Increasing productivity while reducing production and marketing costs.
- Providing technical and business guidance to diverse agricultural clusters, including livestock/protein and horticulture.
- Generating rural employment and income.
- Building the capacity of Iraqi entrepreneurs, investors and producers.
Through the efforts of Louis Berger, USAID and courageous Iraqi staffers, agriculture has rebounded in the country. During the life of the program, the USAID Inma Agribusiness Program recorded approximately $181 million in total sales and created more than 15,000 new jobs for Iraqis.